In this work, structural and dielectric properties of BaTi(1-x)ZrxO3 (BTZ) ceramics prepared by Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) from powders obtained via Self-propagating High-temperature Synthesis (SHS) are shown to be strongly affected by the sintering temperature. In addition, a post-annealing treatment in air of the as-prepared ceramics leads to a transition from the hexagonal to the tetragonal and cubic phases. The SPS ceramics corresponding to compositions 0.05 < x < 0.20 and obtained at a sintering temperature of 1200 degrees C exhibit a standard ferroelectric behavior. In contrast, a diffuse phase transition is observed for the case of ceramics sintered at higher temperatures. Finally, the BTZ ceramic containing 5 at.% of Zr displays the best dielectric permittivity and piezoelectric properties as compared to the other compositions taken into account.
Influence of the Spark Plasma Sintering temperature on the structure and dielectric properties of BaTi(1-x)ZrxO3 ceramics
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