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Abstract

Many people across Latin America still do not have access to reliable electricity. Although Chile exhibits a comparatively high electricity coverage, many barriers are still present for the development of sustainable energy supply solutions exploiting local renewable energy sources. To face this challenge, a coconstruction methodology is proposed, which considers a flexible and participatory design with continuous communication between the technical team of the project and the community, thus ensuring informed decision making around the project design. In this context, microgrid-based solutions offer an ideal opportunity to exploit the integration of energy sources adapted to the specific local characteristics. The coconstruction methodology allows the identification of local requirements, less often considered for design procedures based on a traditional approach, in a joint work with the communities so that the technological solution is tailored for it. Consequently, different technical solutions (design adaptations and innovations) have been proposed and developed under this framework, such as: energy management systems, demand response strategies, microgrid applications for Mapuche communities, microformers, a monitoring system that includes social aspects, and vehicle to grid for microgrids. This paper summarizes the experience of several microgrid projects in Chile, identifies risks, impacts, control actions, and discusses their replicability to the Latin American and the Caribbean region.

Authors

Palma-Behnke, Rodrigo;  Jimenez-Estevez, Guillermo A.;  Saez, Doris;  Montedonico, Marcia;  Mendoza-Araya, Patricio;  Hernandez, Roberto;  Munoz Poblete, Carlos

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