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This study aims to characterize dancers in relation to the dualistic model of passion described by Vallerand. Passion is defined as a person's strong inclination to an activity considered to be important and self-defining. Vallerand et al. (2003) proposed a dualistic model with two types of passion: harmonious passion and obsessive passion. Harmonious passion is the result of autonomously internalizing the activity, that is, it is made up of the individual's intrinsic reasons and becomes part of the individual's identity. Obsessive passion is the result of internalization guided by reasons contingent to that activity, such as social acceptance, which causes a strong and scarcely adaptive adhesion to the activity. We hypothesized that both professional dancers and competitive dancers would have higher scores in obsessive passion, and dancers with more years of experience would have higher scores in both obsessive passion and harmonious passion. Contrary to what we expected, professional dancers and competitive dancers do not show greater obsessive passion, but it is harmonious passion that increases with practice. We conclude that participants do not experience dance as an activity subject to fashion and social acceptance, but it is an activity that contributes to the individual's wellbeing and is compatible with other daily life activities.


Chamarro, Andres;  Martos, Veronica;  Parrado, Eva;  Oberst, Ursula

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