Abstract

The ongoing outbreak of novel Coronavirus originated from Wuhan, China, and vigorously spread throughout the globe causing serious concerns. This study aimed to appraise the community demographics, knowledge, attitudes, practices mental health, symptoms, and precautionary measures during the COVID-19 pandemic in Pakistan. This study was a cross-sectional and observational study. An online semi-structured questionnaire was designed by freely available Google Forms. A Referral Sampling technique was used, a total of 439 responses were recorded and analyzed by using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. Regression analysis and multinomial logistic regression analysis were done to test the hypothesis. This study shows more than 63% of participants maintain social distancing at their workplaces, offices, markets, and so forth and 59% of participants stayed at their homes during the lockdown. Almost 75% of participants did not attend any gathering during COVID-19. Most participants (75.4%) wear masks and gloves, and 85.6% of participants wash their hands with soap and using hand sanitizer regularly. This study shows that 40.8% and 36.2% of participants felt anxiety and fear due to Coronavirus. This study shows that knowledge among the population in Pakistan about COVID-19 was low. Continued efforts are needed to address knowledge, attitudes, and practices to interrupt novel Coronavirus transmission.


Authors

Nadeem, Muhammad;  Khaliq, Nayab

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  • 2 reviewers
  • pre-publication peer review (FINAL ROUND)
    Decision Letter
    2020/12/30

    30-Dec-2020

    Dear Mr. Nadeem,

    It is a pleasure to accept your manuscript entitled "A study of Community Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices and Health in Pakistan during COVID-19 Pandemic" for publication in Journal of Community Psychology. Please note although the manuscript is accepted the files will now be checked to ensure that everything is ready for publication, and you may be contacted if final versions of files for publication are required.

    The comments of the referee(s) who reviewed your manuscript are included at the bottom of this letter.

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    Thank you for your fine contribution.

    Sincerely,

    Michael B. Blank, PhD
    Editor, Journal of Community Psychology
    mblank2@upenn.edu

    Referee(s)' Comments to Author:

    The revision was responsive to the prior review.

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    Author Response
    2020/12/29

    Dear Dr. Michael B. Blank
    Editor-in-Chief,
    Journal of Community Psychology

    Thank you very much for giving me the opportunity to submit a revised draft of Manuscript ID JCOP-20-143.R1 entitled "A study of Community Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices and Health in Pakistan during COVID-19 Pandemic" to Journal of Community Psychology. The authors appreciate the time and effort that you and the referee have dedicated to providing your valuable feedback on manuscript. The authors are grateful to the referee for their insightful comments on my paper. The authors have been able to incorporate changes to reflect most of the suggestions provided by the referee. The authors highlighted the changes within the manuscript by using the track changes mode in MS Word.
    Here is a point by point response to the reviewer comments and concerns.

    Response of Referee Comments:
    Comment: Provide a last paragraph in the introduction to describe the structure of the manuscript.
    Response: Thank you very much for your comment. The structure of the manuscript was described in the last paragraph of introduction in the revised manuscript.
    Comment: Problem identification is not clear.
    Response: Problem identification is much cleared in the revised manuscript.
    Comment: The author gets some information from this paper about knowledge (Jilani, M.M.A.K.; Fan, L.; Islam, M.T.; Uddin, M.A. The Influence of Knowledge Sharing on Sustainable Performance: A Moderated Mediation Study. Sustainability 2020, 12, 908.). This paper may help you.
    Response: Thank you very much for sharing the link of research article. This research article is informative. The authors have taken information from this paper and incorporated in the revised manuscript.
    Comment: In this paper author needs to add theoretical and policy implications before the conclusion part.
    Response: The authors added the theoretical and policy implications in the revised manuscript.

    Thank you very much for your kind suggestions for the revision of this manuscript.

    Sincerely,
    Corresponding Author



    Cite this author response
  • pre-publication peer review (ROUND 2)
    Decision Letter
    2020/10/19

    19-Oct-2020

    Dear Mr. Nadeem,

    Manuscript ID JCOP-20-143.R1 entitled "A study of Community Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices and Health in Pakistan during COVID-19 Pandemic" which you submitted to Journal of Community Psychology has been reviewed. The comments of the referee(s) are included at the bottom of this letter.

    A revised version of your manuscript that takes into account the comments of the referee(s) will be reconsidered for publication.

    Please note that submitting a revision of your manuscript does not guarantee eventual acceptance, and that your revision may be subject to re-review by the referee(s) before a decision is rendered.

    You can upload your revised manuscript and submit it through your Author Center. Log into https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/jcop and enter your Author Center, where you will find your manuscript title listed under "Manuscripts with Decisions".

    Please be sure to format your revised manuscript according to the journal guidelines for authors at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/page/journal/15206629/homepage/forauthors.html

    When submitting your revised manuscript, please include a tracked-changes version of the text document as well as a point-by-point response to each reviewers’ comments as a separate document (please select File for Review but NOT for Publication as the file designation).

    IMPORTANT: We have your original files. When submitting (uploading) your revised manuscript, please delete the file(s) that you wish to replace and then upload the revised file(s).

    Please submit the revised manuscript by 17-Jan-2021. You may contact the editorial office at jcopeditorial@wiley.com for any questions or concerns regarding revision due date extension.

    If you would like help with English language editing, or other article preparation support, Wiley Editing Services offers expert help with English Language Editing, as well as translation, manuscript formatting, and figure formatting at www.wileyauthors.com/eeo/preparation. You can also check out our resources for Preparing Your Article for general guidance about writing and preparing your manuscript at www.wileyauthors.com/eeo/prepresources.

    Once again, thank you for submitting your manuscript to Journal of Community Psychology and I look forward to receiving your revision.

    Sincerely,

    Michael B. Blank, PhD
    Editor-in-Chief, Journal of Community Psychology
    mblank2@upenn.edu

    Action Editor Comments to Author:

    Action Editor: Blank, Michael
    Comments to the Author:
    (There are no comments.)

    Referee(s)' Comments to Author:

    Reviewing: 1

    Comments to the Author
    I recommend the inclusion of the following improvements in the manuscript:

    1- Provide a last paragraph in the introduction to describe the structure of the manuscript
    2-Problem identification is not clear
    3-The author gets some information from this paper about knowledge (Jilani, M.M.A.K.; Fan, L.; Islam, M.T.; Uddin, M.A. The Influence of Knowledge Sharing on Sustainable Performance: A Moderated Mediation Study. Sustainability 2020, 12, 908.). This paper may help you.
    4-In this paper author needs to add theoritical and policy implications before the conclusion part.

    Decision letter by
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    Reviewer report
    2020/10/19

    I will suggest you to add more literature on covid from Pakistani context as few paper are available now. Further, it would be more authentic and supplement your paper if you add literature from South Asian countries.

    Reviewed by
    Cite this review
    Reviewer report
    2020/10/19

    I recommend the inclusion of the following improvements in the manuscript:

    1- Provide a last paragraph in the introduction to describe the structure of the manuscript
    2-Problem identification is not clear
    3-The author gets some information from this paper about knowledge (Jilani, M.M.A.K.; Fan, L.; Islam, M.T.; Uddin, M.A. The Influence of Knowledge Sharing on Sustainable Performance: A Moderated Mediation Study. Sustainability 2020, 12, 908.). This paper may help you.
    4-In this paper author needs to add theoritical and policy implications before the conclusion part.

    Reviewed by
    Cite this review
    Author Response
    2020/09/23

    Dear Dr. Michael B. Blank
    Editor-in-Chief,
    Journal of Community Psychology

    Thank you very much for giving me the opportunity to submit a revised draft of Manuscript ID JCOP-20-143 entitled "A study of Community Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices and Health in Pakistan during COVID-19 Pandemic" to Journal of Community Psychology. The authors appreciate the time and effort that you and the referee have dedicated to providing your valuable feedback on manuscript. The authors are grateful to the referee for their insightful comments on my paper. The authors have been able to incorporate changes to reflect most of the suggestions provided by the referee. The authors highlighted the changes within the manuscript by using the track changes mode in MS Word.
    Here is a point by point response to the reviewer comments and concerns.

    Response of Referee Comments:
    Thank you for your thorough review .The authors appreciated the comments of the referee and agreed with all the comments. In the revised manuscript, four hypothesis has been tested.
    Thank you for pointing out about improving the literature review. In the revised manuscript, literature was improved and added.
    Data analysis was improved with senior peer consultation as recommended by your kind self and various statistical analyses were incorporated in the revised manuscript like Regression Analysis, ANOVA, Multinomial Logistic Regression and Reliability Analysis for better understanding of data.
    In this research, Referral Sampling technique was used and major cities of the Pakistan were considered for the purpose of data collection. Accordingly, authors revised the manuscript.
    All spelling and grammatical errors have been corrected.
    Figure 1 was deleted in the revised manuscript.
    Methodology, tables and figures were revised in the revised manuscript.
    Thank you very much for your kind suggestions for the revision of this manuscript.

    Sincerely,

    Corresponding Author



    Cite this author response
  • pre-publication peer review (ROUND 1)
    Decision Letter
    2020/06/11

    11-Jun-2020

    Dear Mr. Nadeem,

    Manuscript ID JCOP-20-143 entitled "A study of Community Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices and Health in Pakistan during COVID-19 Pandemic" which you submitted to Journal of Community Psychology has been reviewed. The comments of the referee(s) are included at the bottom of this letter.

    A revised version of your manuscript that takes into account the comments of the referee(s) will be reconsidered for publication.

    Please note that submitting a revision of your manuscript does not guarantee eventual acceptance, and that your revision may be subject to re-review by the referee(s) before a decision is rendered.

    You can upload your revised manuscript and submit it through your Author Center. Log into https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/jcop and enter your Author Center, where you will find your manuscript title listed under "Manuscripts with Decisions".

    Please be sure to format your revised manuscript according to the journal guidelines for authors at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/page/journal/15206629/homepage/forauthors.html

    When submitting your revised manuscript, please include a tracked-changes version of the text document as well as a point-by-point response to each reviewers’ comments as a separate document (please select File for Review but NOT for Publication as the file designation).

    IMPORTANT: We have your original files. When submitting (uploading) your revised manuscript, please delete the file(s) that you wish to replace and then upload the revised file(s).

    Please submit the revised manuscript by 09-Sep-2020. You may contact the editorial office at jcopeditorial@wiley.com for any questions or concerns regarding revision due date extension.

    If you would like help with English language editing, or other article preparation support, Wiley Editing Services offers expert help with English Language Editing, as well as translation, manuscript formatting, and figure formatting at www.wileyauthors.com/eeo/preparation. You can also check out our resources for Preparing Your Article for general guidance about writing and preparing your manuscript at www.wileyauthors.com/eeo/prepresources.

    Once again, thank you for submitting your manuscript to Journal of Community Psychology and I look forward to receiving your revision.

    Sincerely,

    Michael B. Blank, PhD
    Editor-in-Chief, Journal of Community Psychology
    mblank2@upenn.edu

    Action Editor Comments to Author:

    Referee(s)' Comments to Author:

    Reviewing: 1

    Comments to the Author
    The most important concern is that this paper is confirming reports that are widely circulating (in newspapers, government and independent reports).
    For a scientific academic paper and the need of the times, we need research questions/ hypotheses which are predicting causation and showing statistical significance. For example, perhaps for this study, the authors could try and extend data analysis (though I cant view their data-set) by using regression/better tests of significance/ parametric tests to show the association between use of social media (dependent variable) and use of preventive behavior (independent variable).
    Just the presentation of frequencies and percentages cannot help us derive conclusions or implications. Please return to data analysis. Naturally, once you have improved conceptualization of your data analysis, the literature review needs improvement. I also recommend a theoretical framework to help you form your main research questions/ hypotheses.
    Authors are recommended to return to senior peer consultation and seek help in data analysis. Whether they can do this with the current data they have collected is something only they would know, as I cant review what other variables they might have. Did they use a likert scale and is it even possible to apply better statistics ?
    Additionally, the sampling raises concerns about representation an generalization. It is not clear which cities were targeted and what nature of 'contacts' were targeted- did they all belong to one class/ strata of society?
    There are also issues in grammar and language.
    There is also no need of Figure 1. Naturally with major methodological revision, the other figures and tables would also need revision.

    Decision letter by
    Cite this decision letter
    Reviewer report
    2020/06/04

    The most important concern is that this paper is confirming reports that are widely circulating (in newspapers, government and independent reports).
    For a scientific academic paper and the need of the times, we need research questions/ hypotheses which are predicting causation and showing statistical significance. For example, perhaps for this study, the authors could try and extend data analysis (though I cant view their data-set) by using regression/better tests of significance/ parametric tests to show the association between use of social media (dependent variable) and use of preventive behavior (independent variable).
    Just the presentation of frequencies and percentages cannot help us derive conclusions or implications. Please return to data analysis. Naturally, once you have improved conceptualization of your data analysis, the literature review needs improvement. I also recommend a theoretical framework to help you form your main research questions/ hypotheses.
    Authors are recommended to return to senior peer consultation and seek help in data analysis. Whether they can do this with the current data they have collected is something only they would know, as I cant review what other variables they might have. Did they use a likert scale and is it even possible to apply better statistics ?
    Additionally, the sampling raises concerns about representation an generalization. It is not clear which cities were targeted and what nature of 'contacts' were targeted- did they all belong to one class/ strata of society?
    There are also issues in grammar and language.
    There is also no need of Figure 1. Naturally with major methodological revision, the other figures and tables would also need revision.

    Reviewed by
    Cite this review
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